Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are injuries or pain in the human musculoskeletal system, including the joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons and structures that supports limbs, neck and back.

What Causes / Will Cause Musculoskeletal Disorders?
  • Repetitive and/ or heavy lifting.
  • Bending and Twisting.
  • Repeating an action too frequently.
  • Uncomfortable working position.
  • Exerting too much force.
  • Working too long without a break.
  • Adverse working environment (e.g. hot or cold).
  • Psychosocial factors (e.g. high job demands, time pressures, and lack of control).
  • Not receiving and acting on reports of symptoms quickly enough.
How to help reduce/ prevent musculoskeletal disorders:
  • Do regular back exercises and stretches.
  • Stay active. Doing regular exercise can help keep your back strong; adults are advised to do 150 minutes of exercise a week.
  • Avoid sitting for too long whilst driving or at work.
  • Take care when lifting.
  • Check your posture when sitting, watching tv and using the computer.
  • Ensure the mattress on your bed supports you properly.

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